Create Ionic 5 Angular Blog Site using WordPress REST API

Last updated on: by Editorial Team

How to Consume WordPress REST API in Ionic 5 Angular App? This comprehensive tutorial will explain how to create a basic Ionic 5 Angular blog app using the WordPress REST API through the HTTP client module API.

WordPress is not just a name but a vast locus of small and large websites; Ideally, almost half of the websites available on the internet are built on the WordPress platform.

WordPress offers a powerful REST API, which can be integrated into the Ionic app to handle the data dynamically without using the third-party plugin.

In this tutorial, we will create an Ionic 5 WordPress blog app, and we will start with creating and setting up an ionic app, create a wordpress service using the angular service class. Further, display post collection in ionic page Implement also, show the post detail page through wordpress api.

How to Integrate WordPress in Ionic 5

  • Step 1: Create Ionic WordPress Project
  • Step 2: Generate Ionic Pages
  • Step 3: Import HttpClientModule in AppModule
  • Step 4: Set Up Routes
  • Step 5: Build WordPress Service in Ionic
  • Step 6: Display WordPress Posts Collection
  • Step 7: Show Post Details
  • Step 8: Run Development Server

Create Ionic WordPress Project

Let us full fill the first requirement that is to install the latest version of Ionic CLI.

npm install -g @ionic/cli

Use command to install the ionic, angular app:

ionic start ionic-wordpress-rest-api blank --type=angular

Get into the app directory:

cd ionic-wordpress-rest-api

Generate Ionic Pages

Next, you have to generate pages for showing post collection and post details:

ionic g page posts

ionic g page post-detail

Import HttpClientModule in AppModule

In this step, you need add or import HttpClientModule in main app.modulet.ts file.

import { HttpClientModule } from '@angular/common/http';

@NgModule({
  declarations: [...],
  entryComponents: [...],
  imports: [
    HttpClientModule
  ],
  providers: [...],
  bootstrap: [...],
})

export class AppModule {}

Set Up Routes

To access post collection or post details pages, you need to update the routes inside the app-routing.module.ts file.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { PreloadAllModules, RouterModule, Routes } from '@angular/router';

const routes: Routes = [
  {
    path: '',
    redirectTo: 'posts',
    pathMatch: 'full'
  },
  {
    path: 'posts',
    loadChildren: () => import('./posts/posts.module').then( m => m.PostsPageModule)
  },
  {
    path: 'post-detail/:id',
    loadChildren: () => import('./post-detail/post-detail.module').then( m => m.PostDetailPageModule)
  },
];

@NgModule({
  imports: [
    RouterModule.forRoot(routes, { preloadingStrategy: PreloadAllModules })
  ],
  exports: [RouterModule]
})

export class AppRoutingModule { }

Build WordPress Service in Ionic

We have to create the angular service file, and it helps to handle the HTTP requests to fetch the data through the WordPress REST API.

ionic generate service shared/wpIonic

Subsequently, make sure to set up a WordPress website locally, or you may use an existing WordPress site and get the REST API. Generically, if anyhow you have a WP version less than 4.7, then you may take the help of the WP-API plugin.

Open the shared/wp-ionic.service.ts file and update the following code.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

import { Observable } from 'rxjs';
import { map } from 'rxjs/operators';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})

export class WpIonicService {

  endpoint = `https://www.wordpress-site-name.com/wp-json/wp/v2/`;
  allPosts = null;
  pages: any;
 
  constructor( private httpClient: HttpClient ) { }
 
  getAllPosts(page = 1): Observable<any[]> {
    let options = {
      observe: "response" as 'body',
      params: {
        per_page: '6',
        page: ''+page
      }
    };
 
    return this.httpClient.get<any[]>(`${this.endpoint}posts?_embed`, options)
    .pipe(
      map(res => {
        this.pages = res['headers'].get('x-wp-totalpages');
        this.allPosts = res['headers'].get('x-wp-total');
        return res['body'];
      })
    )
  }
 
  postDetails(id) {
    return this.httpClient.get(`${this.endpoint}posts/${id}?_embed`)
    .pipe(
      map((post) => {
        return post;
      })
    )
  }

}

Pass your WordPress site’s REST API url in the endpoint, use RxJS observables to get all the posts, including the post details page, via reactive programming.

Display WordPress Posts Collection

We need to import WpIonicService and LoadingController services, likewise add inside the constructor method.

Then call the getAllPosts() and infiniteLoad() methods to display posts list from WordPress website. The infiniteLoad() functions will be attached to the button and load the content when it reaches the last scroll position in the ionic app view.

Open and add code in posts.page.ts file:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';

import { WpIonicService } from '../shared/wp-ionic.service';
import { LoadingController } from '@ionic/angular';
 
@Component({
  selector: 'app-posts',
  templateUrl: './posts.page.html',
  styleUrls: ['./posts.page.scss'],
})
export class PostsPage implements OnInit {
 
  Posts = [];
  postCount = null;
  page = 1;
 
  constructor(
    private wpService: WpIonicService, 
    private loadingController: LoadingController
  ) { }
 
  ngOnInit() {
    this.initPosts();
  }
 
  async initPosts() {
    let loading = await this.loadingController.create({
      message: 'Loading ...'
    });
 
    await loading.present();
 
    this.wpService.getAllPosts().subscribe((data) => {
      this.postCount = this.wpService.allPosts;
      this.Posts = data;
      loading.dismiss();
    });
  }
 
  infiniteLoad(e) {
    this.page++;
 
    this.wpService.getAllPosts(this.page).subscribe((data) => {
      this.Posts = [...this.Posts, ...data];
      e.target.complete();
 
      // Disable loading when reached last
      if (this.page == this.wpService.pages) {
        e.target.disabled = true;
      }
    });
  }
 
}

The ion-card is the better option to show the post list in a card view, use ngFor directive to loop over the post collection, then render the content with the help of innerHTML property.

Likewise, define the ion-infinite-scroll property and add the ionInfinite event that will trigger the infiniteLoad() method to get the post when it reached the bottom of the page.

Open and place code in posts.page.html file:

<ion-header>
  <ion-toolbar color="success">
    <ion-title>positronX Blog</ion-title>
  </ion-toolbar>
</ion-header>

<ion-content padding>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>
      <strong>Total Posts</strong>
    </ion-label>
    <ion-badge color="danger" *ngIf="postCount">{{ postCount }}</ion-badge>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-card *ngFor="let post of Posts">
    <ion-card-header>
      <ion-card-title [innerHTML]="post.title.rendered"></ion-card-title>
      <ion-card-subtitle>{{ post.date_gmt | date }}</ion-card-subtitle>
    </ion-card-header>

    <ion-card-content>
      <div [innerHTML]="post.excerpt.rendered"></div>
      <ion-button expand="full" fill="clear" [routerLink]="['/', 'post-detail', post.id]">Read More</ion-button>
    </ion-card-content>
  </ion-card>

  <ion-infinite-scroll threshold="120px" (ionInfinite)="infiniteLoad($event)">
    <ion-infinite-scroll-content loadingText="Fetching Posts">
    </ion-infinite-scroll-content>
  </ion-infinite-scroll>

</ion-content>

Show Post Details

In this step, we have to extract the post id; we can get the post id using the ActivatedRoute service, pass that id into the postDetails() method and implement the single detail page in the ionic wordpress app.

Add code in post-detail.page.ts file:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';

import { ActivatedRoute } from '@angular/router';
import { WpIonicService } from '../shared/wp-ionic.service';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-post-detail',
  templateUrl: './post-detail.page.html',
  styleUrls: ['./post-detail.page.scss'],
})

export class PostDetailPage implements OnInit {

  postDetial: any;
 
  constructor(
    private activatedRoute: ActivatedRoute, 
    private wpService: WpIonicService, 
  ) { }
 
  ngOnInit() {
    let id = this.activatedRoute.snapshot.paramMap.get('id');
    this.wpService.postDetails(id).subscribe((data) => {
      this.postDetial = data;
    });
  }
 
  goToOrgPost() {
    window.open(this.postDetial.link, '_blank');
  }  

}

In this last step, you have to open the post-detail.page.html file and carefully place the recommended code within the file:

<ion-header>
  <ion-toolbar color="danger">
    <ion-buttons slot="start">
      <ion-back-button defaultHref="/posts"></ion-back-button>
    </ion-buttons>
    <ion-title>{{ postDetial?.title.rendered }}</ion-title>
  </ion-toolbar>
</ion-header>

<ion-content padding>

  <div *ngIf="postDetial">
    <div [innerHTML]="postDetial.content.rendered" padding></div>
  </div>

</ion-content>

<ion-footer color="secondary">
  <ion-toolbar>
    <ion-button expand="full" fill="clear" (click)="goToOrgPost()">
      Check Original Post
    </ion-button>
  </ion-toolbar>
</ion-footer>

Run Development Server

To start the app, you may install the ionic lab package through node package manager:

npm i @ionic/lab --save-dev

Now, you can execute following command to serve the ionic app:

ionic serve -l

Ionic 5 WordPress client

Conclusion

The Ionic 5 WordPress client tutorial is done; for now, we had explained how to easily implement wordpress rest api to create a mobile version of the Ionic and WordPress app and that too without even using the third party plugin. We have created the basic features; however, you may extend the features and functionalities to the next level. We reckon you liked this quick guide and share it with others too.